In the 1920’s, Carl Jung’s theory of psychological types was noticed by Katharine Cook Briggs, who later co-authored a personality indicator with her daughter that is still used today called the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator®(MBTI®).
For beginners, MBTI focuses on five personality aspects that when combined define one’s personality type. These aspects are Mind, Energy, Nature, Tactics, and Identity. Each of these aspects has a neutral in the center with two differing polarities.
This aspect of the MBTI is created to see how one interacts with their surroundings by analyzing whether one is Introverted (preferring solitary activities ) or Extroverted (preferring group activities).
This aspect determines how one sees the world and processes information by analyzing whether one is Observant (highly practical, pragmatic possessing a strong focus on the present and past) or Intuitive (imaginative, open-minded, curious and possess a strong focus on hidden meaning and future possibilities).
This aspect determines how one makes a decision and copes with emotion. A Thinking individual focuses on objectivity and rationality, prioritizing logic over emotions with efficiency being more important than cooperation. A Feeling individual is sensitive and emotionally expressive with more empathy and less competitive spirit. This type has a strong focus on social harmony and cooperation.
This aspect reflects one’s ability to work, plan and make decisions. A Judging individual is decisive, thorough, and highly organized, valuing clarity, predictability, and closure with a structure geared against spontaneity. A Prospecting individual is very good at improvising and spotting opportunities with a tendency to be flexible and keep options open.
This aspect shows how confident one is in his or her abilities or decisions. An Assertive individual is self-assured, even tempered, and resistant to stress. This type refuses to worry too much and does not push themselves to hard when it comes to achieving goals. A Turbulent individual is self-conscious and sensitive to stress, feeling a range of emotions yet is success-driven, perfectionistic, and always eager to improve.
These differing personality aspects are used to formulate 16 different personality types within four distinct roles:
Analysts (Intuitive and Thinking [ _NT_ ] types, both Assertive and Turbulent variants)
These personality types embrace rationality and impartiality with strengths in intellectual debates, scientific or technological fields. Being fiercely independent, open-minded, strong-willed and imaginative, they approach many things from a utilitarian perspective. What works verses what satisfies everybody is an Analyst trait. While Analysts are excellent strategic thinkers, social and or romantic pursuits are not always so easy (CITATION).
Diplomats (Intuitive and Feeling [ _NF_ ] types, both Assertive and Turbulent variants)
Diplomats focus on empathy and cooperation being skilled diplomats and counselors. This role is cooperative and imaginative, with persons often playing role of harmonizers in their workplace or social circles. These traits make Diplomats warm, empathic and influential individuals, but also cause issues when there is a need to rely exclusively on cold rationality or make difficult decisions (CITATION).
Sentinels (Observant and Judging [ _S_J ] types, both Assertive and Turbulent variants)
Sentinels are cooperative and highly practical. Such persons embrace and create order, security, and stability everywhere they go. People belonging to one of these types tend to be hard working, meticulous and traditional, excelling in logistical or administrative fields, especially those that rely on clear hierarchies and rules. People in this role stick to their plans and do not shy away from difficult tasks, but can also be very inflexible and reluctant to accept different points of view (CITATION).
Explorers (Observant and Prospecting [ _S_P ] types, both Assertive and Turbulent variants)
Explorers are the most spontaneous of all the roles possessing an ability to connect with their surroundings in a way that is beyond reach of other types. Explorers are utilitarian and practical, excelling in situations that require quick reaction and ability to think on your feet. They are masters of tools and techniques ranging from mastering physical tools to convincing other people. These personality types are irreplaceable in crises, crafts and sales – however, such traits can also push them towards undertaking risky endeavors or focusing solely on sensual pleasures (CITATION).
The Strategy layer shows one’s preferred way of doing things and achieving goals. There are four strategies:
Confident Individualism (Introverted and Assertive [ I___-A ] types)
Confident Individualists prefer doing things alone, choosing to rely on their own skills and instincts as opposed to seeking contact with other people.
People Mastery (Extraverted and Assertive [ E___-A ] types)
People Masters seek social contact and tend to have very good communication skills, feeling at ease in social events or in situations where they need to rely on or direct other people.
Constant Improvement (Introverted and Turbulent [ I___-T ] types)
Constant Improvers are quiet, individualistic people. They tend to be perfectionistic and success-driven, often spending a lot of time and effort making sure that the result of their work is the best it can be.
Social Engagement (Extraverted and Turbulent [ E___-T ] types)
Social Engagers tend to be restless, perfectionistic individuals, prone to experiencing both very positive and very negative emotions. Their curiosity and willingness to work hard also mean that they are usually high-achieving, even if quite sensitive people.
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